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Introduction to Spark YARN Syntax

The syntax for Apache Spark YARN::

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How Apache Spark YARN works

Understanding cluster and client mode:

The job of Spark can run on YARN in two ways, those of which are cluster mode and client mode. Choosing apt memory location configuration is important in understanding the differences between the two modes. And also to submit the jobs as expected.

Spark driver schedules the executors whereas Spark Executor runs the actual task.

Client mode

A small application of YARN is created. The Spark driver runs on the client mode, your pc for example. The job fails if the client is shut down. Spark executors nevertheless run on the cluster mode and also schedule all the tasks.

Cluster mode

When SparkPi is run on YARN, it demonstrates how to sample applications, packed with Spark and SparkPi run and the value of pi approximation computation is seen.

Applications fail with the stopping of the client but client mode is well suited for interactive jobs otherwise. Cluster mode is more appropriate for long-running jobs.

How can you give Apache Spark YARN containers with maximum allowed memory?

YARN will reject the creation of the container if the memory requested is above the maximum allowed, and your application does not start.

Below is the maximum allowed value for a single container in Megabytes.

yarn.scheduler.max-allocation-mb get the value of this in $HADOOP_CONF_DIR/yarn-site.xml.

Make sure that values configured in the following section for Spark memory allocation, are below the maximum.

scheduler.maximum-allocation-Mb. This guide will use a sample value of 1536 for it. Adjust the samples with your configuration, If your settings are lower.

Examples to Implement Spark YARN Example #1

This is how you launch a Spark application but in cluster mode:


–queue thequeue

Explanation: The above starts the default Application Master in a YARN client program. Then, to Application Master, SparkPi will be run as a child thread. The Application master is periodically polled by the client for status updates and displays them in the console. Once your application has finished running. The client will exit.

Do the same to launch a Spark application in client mode, But you have to replace the cluster with the client. The below says how one can run spark-shell in client mode:

$ ./bin/spark-shell --master yarn --deploy-mode client

Example #2

The driver runs on a different machine than the client In cluster mode. which is the reason why spark chúng tôi jar doesn’t work with files that are local to the client out of the box. To the SparkContext.addjar, the files on the client need to be made available. For this, we need to include them with the option —jars in the launch command.


app_arg1 app_arg2



In this article, we have discussed the Spark resource planning principles and understood the use case performance and YARN resource configuration before doing resource tuning for the Spark application. We followed certain steps to calculate resources (executors, cores, and memory) for the Spark application. The results are as follows: Significant performance improvement in the Data Frame implementation of Spark application from 1.8 minutes to 1.3 minutes. RDD implementation of the Spark application is 2 times faster from 22 minutes to 11 minutes.

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This is a guide to Spark YARN. Here we discuss an introduction to Spark YARN, syntax, how does it work, examples for better understanding. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –

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